Many Galapagos Flowers are endemic to this remote Archipelago. They provide food for many land animals.
This group of Islands has a volcanic origin, which means they were formed millions of years ago when volcanoes under the ocean's floor erupted repeatedly, building up walls of cooled lava.
At first, these volcanic Islands were totally out of any kind life until bit by bit seeds and organisms were brought here by birds, the wind or by chunks of vegetation floating on the sea.
All or one of these reasons could have brought the Galapagos flowers to life. There are more than 500 species of Galapagos plants living in these Islands, and about 40 % of them are endemic to the Galapagos.
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The Galapagos flora also plays an important role in providing food to many land animals like: Galapagos Tortoises, Iguanas and other reptiles. The flora also feeds sea birds like Boobies and Frigatebirds.
Since Charles Darwin visited the Islands in 1835 the flora and fauna of the Galapagos have been constantly researched and studied.
Going from shores to highlands, we can identify seven zones of vegetation in the Galapagos Islands, these are:
The Galapagos Islands have around 240 species of introduced plants brought in by humans. The people responsible for this are mainly farmers and settlers that brought with them plants from mainland Ecuador.
The majority of these introduced species can be seen mainly on the Islands of Santa Cruz, San Cristobal, Isabela and Floreana. These new species have threatened the ecology of the Islands in many areas.
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These are plants that grow on lava grounds. It can be found on Islands that have black lava flows like: Isabela Island or Bartolome Island.
This plant is a source of food for bees and small insects in Galapagos.
It is considered to be a pioneer plant. It has bright yellow tipped coloring and microphone shapes, the plant has soft spines and grows in clumps to a height of about two feet (60 cm). The Galapagos flowers are white in color but don't last too much.
These Galapagos flowers are abundant in Santiago Island. These coastal flowers are among the largest in the Galapagos Islands. This plant plays an important role in stabilizing sand dunes.
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