Galapagos Iguana

The Galapagos Iguana is classified in 2 species: "Land Iguana" and "Marine Iguana".


Land Iguana: has kinship in the American continent, with some structural and genetic differences.

The most visible is its color.

While the Galapagos Land Iguana is yellowish brown to red, its continental relative is dark green to yellow.

Galapagos Land Iguana

galapagos iguana

Urbina Bay on Isabela Island (in Galapagos) is perhaps one of those locations where what is to be discovered is right at your feet: Land Iguanas!

Santa Fe has a unique kind on large land iguanas. The smaller ones are found in Fernandina, Isabela, South Plaza, and Santa Cruz.

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Lava Lizards: The Lava Lizard is well distributed in the Galapagos island wildlife. In most species you can tell the females from the red to orange necks. There are seven endemic species, and some are even endemic from Island to Island.

Don't be surprised to find incredible differences when you see the lizards of Espanola, and then the ones of Floreana. Some males can be as long as a foot! More About Galapagos Lava Lizards

Galapagos Marine Iguana

galapagos marine iguana

An early description of these Galapagos iguana reptiles can be quite revealing:"Imps of darkness".

With such name, no wonder the marine iguana is the most unusual and the largest of the Galapagos iguanas.

Endemic to the Islands, they are the only sea-going lizards in the world. In fact, there's nothing like them on the planet.

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It is not clear if marine iguanas arrived in the form of land iguanas or not.

But, in Galapagos an amazing realm of food supply was found underwater in the form of algae, and so an age-long redesign process in their morphology and physiology was needed.

That lets Galapagos iguana perform amazing functions, while holding amazing physical features.

They can dive down to 36 feet (12 m.), swim with great ease and stay submerged for up to an hour. There is also a great deal of variation amongst the several populations.

For instance, the smallest marine iguanas are found in Genovesa (Tower) Island, while the biggest ones occur on Isabela Island and Fernandina Island

The Galapagos iguanas with brightest colors (red and coppery green) are found on Espanola Island while the most inconspicuous ones are found in North Seymour.

The Galapagos Islands are a living museum of evolutionary changes. If you love nature and exotic animals (not seen anywhere else) then a trip to these Islands will live sparking memories in your mind for a lifetime.

Recommended Reading

Ecuador & Galapagos (Insight Guides)

Ecuador & Galapagos (Insight Guides)
With 250 photos and tons of great information, this is an essential addition to your pre-Ecuador and -Galapagos reading! There are better guides if you are only interested in the islands, but for a combination trip taking in Ecuador as well, it's hard to beat.

Birds, Mammals, and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands

Birds, Mammals, and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands
Small enough to fit into your pocket, yet containing comprehensive information and pictures of all the species you will encounter in the islands, this book is a must-have for nature lovers. Let's face it, Galapagos is largely about the wildlife. This book will NOT disappoint, and you'll have a great memento of your time with the seals, penguins and tortoises!

Galapagos: The Islands That Changed the World

Galapagos: The Islands That Changed the World
Definitely NOT a tourist's guide, but if you're like me, and find the history and geography of the islands irresistible, then this is a title you ought to invest in. Stunningly illustrated, and painstakingly researched, those of you who have been there will be enchanted again -- and those of you who have not will begin planning your trip!

Moon Spotlight Galapagos Islands

Moon Spotlight Galapagos Islands
If you're a seasoned Galapagos regular, then you will probably prefer something weightier. But for first-timers looking for simple, down-to-earth advice on where to go, what to see and the best shopping and eating on the islands, this is the book for you. Small, well-priced, and reliable!

Galapagos: Islands Born of Fire

Galapagos: Islands Born of Fire
The 10th anniversary edition of this photographer's tour of the Galapagos Islands is a stunning book, worthy of anybody's coffee table. This is a perfect post-trip talking point -- a great way to remember what you've seen, and spread the word amongst your envious friends!

More About Galapagos Islands

Galapagos Land Iguana

Galapagos Marine Iguana

Galapagos Humpback Whales

Galapagos Vacation Travel Tips

If you have any questions about the Galapagos Iguana, You can post them on our Galapagos FAQ Page and if you'd like to request more information about our recommended Galapagos Cruises to visit these amazing Islands, You can Contact us here

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