Galapagos Island Location
Where is the exact location of Galapagos Island?
The Galapagos Islands are located at Longitude 90°W; Latitude 0° 00'' right on the Equator.
The Galapagos sprouted out of the Pacific from a sub oceanic lava vent on the ocean floor.
Its the same process that created the Hawaiian Islands, and nowadays this process continues in both Island Archipelagos.
Geologically the Galapagos Islands are situated on one of the most active volcanic regions on Earth: the Nazca Plate.
Even though they are in the tropics, the Galapagos are fortunate not to have big storms or other natural phenomena.
Galapagos is a privileged site where endemic animals and vegetation have evolved over hundreds of years.
The Galapagos consist of 61 Islands and islets, with 13 main Islands.
The total land area is 7,882 square kilometers within a marine reserve of 45,000 square kilometers.
Originally the Galapagos Islands had no inhabitants, and were discovered in 1535 by Tomas de Berlanga, a Spanish Bishop, when his ship drifted by this Archipelago.
The Galapagos Islands were finally annexed by the country of Ecuador in 1832.
Now there are 4 inhabited Islands and nearly 20,000 inhabitants living in this Archipelago.