Galapagos Land Iguana

Galapagos land iguana is the larger reptile of the Galapagos Islands and will always remain a highlight during your Galapagos Expedition.

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As you explore the Islands, you'll see large colonies of marine iguanas, but in very few selected locations we see Land Iguanas (Conolophus subcristatus and Conolophus pallidus).

There are two endemic species, one restricted to the island of Santa Fe and the other species found in North Seymour, Baltra, South Plaza, Santa Cruz, Isabela and Fernandina Islands.


Galapagos Land Iguana

galapagos land iguana

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Iguanas mainly inhabit the arid zone, although the population of Fernandina's Island migrates incredibly up the rim of the volcano and down its caldera floor for egg-laying duties. What a trip!

They lay between five and fifteen eggs, and the clutch size varies from Island to Island.

The eggs take about 3-4 months to hatch. Land Iguanas are strictly vegetarians, but their diet may include some protein-rich items like insects, specially when they are young.

Among their favorite food items, the prickly-pear cactus stands out, where pads, fruits and the colorful yellow flowers will make up the diet of the iguana.

These animals' survival is quite fragile, as introduced carnivores pose a constant threat to both adults and young individuals. Their numbers remain low, but it seems, they were more plentiful before the arrival of humans to the Islands.

The Charles Darwin's account on James Island that describes that in the chosen area for a campsite, iguanas were so numerous that setting up a tent was a monumental task.

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Sadly, land iguanas are now extinct on the Island, but efforts from the Galapagos National Park continue in order to restore the islands' past conditions.

Galapagos land iguanas are amazing reptiles that add a great amount of color, and importance to the arid zone of the Islands.

Visit the enchanted Galapagos and enjoy the true essence of nature in the world's most amazing group of Islands.

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Recommended Reading

Ecuador & Galapagos (Insight Guides)

Ecuador & Galapagos (Insight Guides)
With 250 photos and tons of great information, this is an essential addition to your pre-Ecuador and -Galapagos reading! There are better guides if you are only interested in the islands, but for a combination trip taking in Ecuador as well, it's hard to beat.

Birds, Mammals, and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands

Birds, Mammals, and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands
Small enough to fit into your pocket, yet containing comprehensive information and pictures of all the species you will encounter in the islands, this book is a must-have for nature lovers. Let's face it, Galapagos is largely about the wildlife. This book will NOT disappoint, and you'll have a great memento of your time with the seals, penguins and tortoises!

Galapagos: The Islands That Changed the World

Galapagos: The Islands That Changed the World
Definitely NOT a tourist's guide, but if you're like me, and find the history and geography of the islands irresistible, then this is a title you ought to invest in. Stunningly illustrated, and painstakingly researched, those of you who have been there will be enchanted again -- and those of you who have not will begin planning your trip!

Moon Spotlight Galapagos Islands

Moon Spotlight Galapagos Islands
If you're a seasoned Galapagos regular, then you will probably prefer something weightier. But for first-timers looking for simple, down-to-earth advice on where to go, what to see and the best shopping and eating on the islands, this is the book for you. Small, well-priced, and reliable!

Galapagos: Islands Born of Fire

Galapagos: Islands Born of Fire
The 10th anniversary edition of this photographer's tour of the Galapagos Islands is a stunning book, worthy of anybody's coffee table. This is a perfect post-trip talking point -- a great way to remember what you've seen, and spread the word amongst your envious friends!


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If you have any questions about the Galapagos Land Iguana, You can post them on our Galapagos FAQ Page and if you'd like to request more information about our recommended Galapagos Tours to visit this Archipelago, you can Contact us here


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