Charles Darwin History in Galapagos

Charles Darwin History a complete description of his works when he explored the Galapagos Islands aboard the HMS Beagle.


On September 15, 1835 the Galapagos waters, and off in the distance, the island of San Cristobal Island are the place that see a young Englishman coming near one of Earth's most pristine areas: The Galapagos Islands.

For a period of five weeks the HMS Beagle sails in the Galapagos Islands waters under the command of Captain Robert Fitzroy

Their Mission was: to survey isolated places hardly visited by navigators. This list of places includes Cape Horn, Australia & New Zealand, Galapagos, Tahiti, and more.

Charles Darwin

charles darwin history

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The young Charles Darwin spent only two weeks ashore and it was enough time for him to catch a glimpse of what is natural selection. Little did he know, it would take him almost 25 years after his Galapagos visit, to publish the book The Origin of Species.

Scientific thinking was to change forever, as Darwinian principles now dominate virtually any field of study.

Investigating Charles Darwin history we find an interesting account at Tagus Cove, Isabela Island on September 30th, 1835:

"The day was overpoweringly hot, the lake looked blue and clear. I hurried down the cindery side, choked with dust, to my disgust tasting the water found is salty as brine".

The HMS Beagle sailed away from Galapagos after a glooming sunset in October 20, 1835.

In 2009 we commemorated the 174th Anniversary of Darwin's visit to Galapagos. Certainly, this anniversary commemorates a voyage that brought Darwin to what would become later, his greatest source of inspiration, and evolutionary evidence.

For a Naturalist as young as Darwin, some of the most amazing experiences were felt throughout the Voyage of the Beagle.

Researching Charles Darwin history, we see that his writings are so powerful that it shows how much influence the Galapagos Islands had on his later views.

He was also impressed by some little birds that inhabited the islands and with time these famous birds become to be known as Darwins Finches

Map of the Voyage of the HMS Beagle (1831 - 1836)

charles darwin map of hms beagle

Some interesting facts about the voyage, and Darwin's experience, include:

1) Charles Darwin was heavily affected by rough seas. Motion sickness was part of every navigation.

2) The H.M.S. Beagle cost was £7,803 (sterling pounds).

3) While in Galapagos only, Darwin never wrote any personal correspondence.

In this Charles Darwin history page I include a description of what happened (in his own words) in September 29th, when he visited the western side of the Galapagos Islands:

September 29th.

We doubled the south-west extremity of Albemarle Island, and the next day were nearly becalmed between it and Narborough Island.

Both are covered with immense deluges of black naked lava, which have flowed either over the rims of the great caldrons, like pitch over the rim of a pot in which it has been boiled, or have burst forth from smaller orifices on the flanks in their descent they have spread over miles of the sea-coast.

On both of these Islands, eruptions are known to have taken place, and in Albemarle, we saw a small jet of smoke curling from the summit of one of the great craters. In the evening we anchored in Bank's Cove, in Albemarle Island.

The next morning I went out walking. To the south of the broken tuff-crater, in which the Beagle was anchored, there was another beautifully symmetrical one of an elliptic form its longer axis was a little less than a mile, and its depth about 500 feet.

At its bottom there was a shallow lake, in the middle of which a tiny crater formed an islet.

The day was overpoweringly hot, and the lake looked clear and blue: I hurried down the cindery slope, and, choked with dust, eagerly tasted the water but, to my sorrow, I found it salt as brine.

The rocks on the coast abounded with great black lizards, between three and four feet long; and on the hills, an ugly yellowish-brown species was equally common.

We saw many of this latter kind, some clumsily running out of the way, and others shuffling into their burrows.

I shall presently describe in more detail the habits of both these reptiles. The whole of this northern part of Albemarle Island is miserably sterile.

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The Galapagos portion of the Voyage of the Beagle is coming to an end. In the name of Charles Darwin history in Galapagos we can say that he wrote his most complete work, right after visiting the Island of James (San Salvador or Santiago).

It seems this Island, and its many wildlife attributes, really inspired Darwin's 27 pages of descriptions, details and early conclusions about the Islands' unique role in the later development of the theory of evolution by means of natural selection. Read More About Charles Darwin Biography

In this Charles Darwin history review we note that one of the most interesting entries (writings) in the Voyage of the Beagle, and always used by scientists as their way to show the influence the islands had on Darwin, is:

"Seeing every height crowned with its crater, and the boundaries of most of the lava- streams still distinct, we are led to believe that within a period geologically recent the unbroken ocean was here spread out.

Hence, both in space and time, we seem to be brought somewhat near to that great fact -- that mystery of mysteries -- the first appearance of new beings on this earth."

On February 2009 we commemorated Charles Darwin's Bicentennial Birthday

We hope you have enjoyed these important facts regarding Charles Darwin history during his stay and investigations on the Galapagos Islands.

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