Ecuador People

Ecuador People is the result of the various groups of people who have come to settle in this country.

These different groups of people have come from Europe, America, Africa and elsewhere and have mixed with Ecuador's many indigenous groups.


Ecuador culture has distinct roots in its rich and multi-ethnic history. Ecuador's population is estimated to be 13,927,650.

The population is ethnically mixed: 60% mixed indigenous - Caucasian (Mestizos), 20% Indigenous, 10% Caucasian, and 10% Black.

Ecuador Cultures

Ecuador has many cultures spread all over the country, each one a recognized part of the Republic of Ecuador and each one striving to maintain its own identity and history while also clearing themselves a path into the future.

Eleven or more different cultures make up Ecuador's Indigenous population. By far the largest of these is the Andean Quichua, who number more than 2 million.

In addition to the Quichua, the Otavaleños, Salasacas, and Saraguro Indians reside in the Ecuadorian Andes Mountains.

The Amazon rain forest is equally as rich in indigenous culture as the highlands. You can find here Huaorani, Zaparo, Cofan, low land Quichua, Siona, Secoya, Shuar, and Achuar Indians.

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In addition to the numerous Indian cultures, Ecuador is home to a Mestizo culture, and an Afro-Ecuadorian culture, the descendants of African slaves who worked on coastal sugar plantations in the sixteenth century.

Otavalo city, long famous for its warm, enterprising indigenous people, continues its friendly tradition in the twenty-first century.

Banos Town with its hot springs resorts and agreeable climate, welcomes tourists every day of the year with unwavering smiles.

And Quito City the country's political center, has developed into a cosmopolitan city while maintaining its small town candor and geniality.

Ecuador People History

In 1830, Ecuador took its name from the Spanish word for the equator, which crosses the entire northern sector. The four regions are referred to as the Coast, the Highlands, the Amazon Rain forest and the Galapagos Islands.

A constitutional democracy, Ecuador is a multicultural, multi-ethnic nation that many consider multinational. It has one of the highest representations of indigenous cultures in South America and two distinct Afro–Ecuadorian cultures.

The dominant populace is descended primarily from Spanish colonists and settlers and to a lesser extent from German, Italian, Lebanese, and Asian immigrants.

Spanish is the national language; thirteen indigenous languages are spoken, of which the principal one is Quichua in the Highlands.

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Ecuador People Clothing

Due to the vastness in climatic differences in Ecuador you can easily see that the Ecuadorians dress customs vary widely across the country.

As a general rule of thumb the people of the highlands dress more fully in comparison to the Amazon Basin and Coastal provinces.

Generally for cities like Cuenca and Quito it is sensible to pack spring clothes and also a sweater or jacket where as in Guayaquil you should bring more light clothing for temperatures up to the 90s is not untypical.

Indians whether in the Highlands or in the Amazon rain forest still preserve their traditional colorful clothes.

In summary the Ecuadorians are proud of their clothing in all regions and respect is mutual when the traveler can reflect the same respect in taking time to dress accordingly to the local custom and area.

Best Ecuador Attractions

The Andean region (also known as the Highlands) is generally the most visited region in this country.

Its cultural and natural diversity spans moorlands, cloud forests, mountain lakes, active volcanoes, thermal baths, Indian markets, colonial towns and haciendas.

Running the length of Ecuador and splitting the country into two from north to south the mountains and valleys of the Andes Mountains form the heart of Ecuador.

Quito, the capital of the country, is located at 2,800 meters in a valley on the western slopes of Pichincha volcano where you can find countless cities and towns to visit and stay at.

The Highland region possesses Ecuador's most developed tourist industry, providing a wide range of accommodations, culinary options, shopping opportunities and cultural festivals, all easily accessible from the capital of Quito.

Quito, Otavalo, Mindo and Banos are a "must visit", boasting an extensive infrastructure supporting tourism. In these towns you can expect a wide selection of restaurants, hotels and activities.

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Any time is a good time to visit Ecuador's Andean region. For those who prefer a drier climate, June to September is recommended, as well as November and December.

The rest of the year is considered rainy season, with temperate weather and almost daily - but short lived - afternoon showers.

However, as Ecuador people like to boast, the Andean region is famous for experiencing four seasons in one day. Morning tends to be like spring, midday is summer, afternoon is fall, and night time is similar to a mild northern winter.

Ecuador people and the Ecuadorian Andes beckon travelers with their blue skies and billowy clouds all year round.

See More About Ecuador

City of Machala

Cajas National Park

Living in Ecuador

Economic Galapagos Tours

If you have questions about Ecuador People, You can post them on our Ecuador FAQ Page and if you'd like to request more information about our exciting Amazon Jungle Tours or from our recommended Galapagos Tours to visit these Islands, You can Contact us here

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