Galapagos Marine Reserve

Galapagos King Angel Fish


galapagos marine reserve

The Galapagos Marine Reserve was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO back in 1994.

The interior waters of the Galapagos Islands, plus those within 40 nautical miles measured from the baseline of the Archipelago are now a protected marine reserve.

This is the only protected coastal marine area in the Southeast Pacific, and the second largest Marine Reserve in the world.

It holds approximately 51.351 square miles, including 19.355 square miles of the interior waters of the Galapagos Islands.

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There are many areas with small submarine volcanoes, which are important feeding zones for marine birds and mammals. The submarine area of Galapagos (from 0 to 590 feet deep) is of 2.587 square miles. Here's More Galapagos Islands information

The uniqueness of the Galapagos Islands is largely due to the remoteness of the Archipelago which has never been connected to the lands of the South American continent.

Also the Islands were declared a National Park in 1936 to preserve the flora and fauna of the 13 large Islands, 6 minor ones and more than 40 islets. The origin of the Galapagos Islands is volcanic.

These volcanic Islands are around 4 to 5 million years old, making them quite young in comparison to the Earth.

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Washed by tropical waters of the Panama Current from the north and the cold, nutrient-rich waters of the Humboldt Current from the south plus the Cromwell Current from the west, the Galapagos marine reserve has an amazing diversity of sea life.

Don't miss the opportunity to Snorkel in Galapagos with hundreds of sea lions, penguins, a variety of colorful fish and even inoffensive Galapagos Sharks

Diving courses and a wide variety of tours are offered if you are willing to take a deep adventure!

Recommended Reading

Ecuador & Galapagos (Insight Guides). Click to order from Amazon

Ecuador & Galapagos (Insight Guides)

With 250 photos and tons of great information, this is an essential addition to your pre-Ecuador and -Galapagos reading!

There are better guides if you are only interested in the islands, but for a combination trip taking in Ecuador as well, it's hard to beat.


Birds, Mammals, and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands. Click to order from Amazon

Birds, Mammals, and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands

Small enough to fit into your pocket, yet containing comprehensive information and pictures of all the species you will encounter in the islands, this book is a must-have for nature lovers.

Let's face it, Galapagos is largely about the wildlife. This book will NOT disappoint, and you'll have a great memento of your time with the seals, penguins and tortoises!


Galapagos: The Islands That Changed the World. Click to order from Amazon

Galapagos: The Islands That Changed the World

Definitely NOT a tourist's guide, but if you're like me, and find the history and geography of the islands irresistible, then this is a title you ought to invest in.

Stunningly illustrated, and painstakingly researched, those of you who have been there will be enchanted again -- and those of you who have not will begin planning your trip!


Moon Spotlight Galapagos. Click to order from Amazon

Moon Spotlight Galapagos Islands

If you're a seasoned Galapagos regular, then you will probably prefer something weightier.

But for first-timers looking for simple, down-to-earth advice on where to go, what to see and the best shopping and eating on the islands, this is the book for you.

Small, well-priced, and reliable!


Galapagos: Islands Born of Fire. Click to order from Amazon

Galapagos: Islands Born of Fire

The 10th anniversary edition of this photographer's tour of the Galapagos Islands is a stunning book, worthy of anybody's coffee table.

This is a perfect post-trip talking point -- a great way to remember what you've seen, and spread the word amongst your envious friends!


See More About Galapagos

Galapagos Skywatching Experience

See a Gallery of Beautiful Pictures of Galapagos

Galapagos Islands Vegetation

Galapagos Land Iguana

If you have questions about the Galapagos Marine Reserve, You can post them on our Galapagos FAQ Forum and if you'd like to request more information about our recommended Galapagos Island Tours to visit this Archipelago, You can Contact us here

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